Gold eyes more gains on steady Fed policy, Middle East tensions


  • Gold price clings to gains prompted by steady monetary policy from the Fed.
  • Weak US private payrolls and factory data have diminished the appeal for the US Dollar.
  • The release of the US NFP would guide further action on the Gold price.

Gold price turns sideways around $1,990 after discovering buying support near $1,970 as investors seek fresh development on Israel-Palestine tensions. The precious metal continues to trade inside the $1,970-2,010 range ahead of the crucial labor market data. The yellow metal aims to recapture the psychological resistance of $2,000 as the broader outlook is bullish due to the upward-sloping 50 and 200-day Exponential Moving Averages (EMAs).

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The downside in the yellow metal also remains cushioned due to Middle East conflicts and mixed US data. US private payrolls and Manufacturing PMI for October failed to meet expectations. Going forward, the Gold price and the US Dollar would be impacted by the Nonfarm Payrolls (NFP) for October. Investors would keenly watch for wage growth as it will exhibit a consumer spending outlook.

Daily Digest Market Movers: Gold price turns sideways ahead of NFP data

  • Gold price trades inside Wednesday’s range after a recovery move from $1,972 inspired by a steady interest rate decision from the Federal Reserve.
  • The Fed kept interest rates unchanged in the range of 5.25-5.50% for the second time in a row.
  • The Fed kept expectations of further policy-tightening alive as the progress in consumer inflation taming toward 2% has slowed due to the high purchasing power of households.
  • Fed Chair Jerome Powell acknowledged that the US economy is performing well but warned that businesses and households are facing tighter financial conditions.
  • The US economy is performing strong on metrics of consumer spending and employment along with easing price pressures.
  • The Q3 growth rate, released last week, was the strongest in 20 years due to robust retail demand and upbeat wage growth.
  • While discussing rate cuts, Jerome Powell said that the central bank is not looking to lower interest rates but added that “It’s fair to say the question we’re asking is should we hike more” as officials weigh how they can guide inflation back to the 2% target. 
  • The US Dollar Index (DXY) fell sharply from the 107.00 resistance as Jerome Powell’s commentary expressed that the central bank is less committed to the idea of hiking interest rates. In addition to a steady monetary policy decision, ADP Employment and Manufacturing PMI remained below estimates and weighed heavily on the US Dollar.
  • The US ADP reported that private employers hired 113K job seekers in October, which were lower than expectations of 150K but significantly higher than September’s reading of 89K. 
  • The ISM reported that the Manufacturing PMI slumped to 46.7 from its highest reading of 49.0 in September while economists forecasted a steady performance. The factory data remains below the 50.0 threshold for the 12th time in a row. 
  • New factory orders dropped significantly to 45.5 against a 49.2 reading from September.
  • Meanwhile, investors await the US Nonfarm Payrolls (NFP) data, which will be published on Friday. As per the consensus, the labor force is expected to have expanded by 180K in October against the former release of 336K. The Unemployment Rate is seen unchanged at 3.8%.
  • Apart from the employment numbers, investors will focus on the labor cost data. Monthly Average Hourly Earnings is seen expanding by 0.3% vs. 0.2% growth in September. The annual earnings data rose by 4.0% against 4.2%.
  • Middle East tensions keep broader appeal for bullion strong as Israeli airstrikes come close to hitting the Al Quds hospital in Gaza in which several displaced civilians are sheltering.
  • A full-scale ground invasion by the Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) would increase the odds of Iran’s intervention, which would widen Middle East conflicts.

Technical Analysis: Gold price turns sideways near $1,990 after a recovery move

The price can move due to a wide range of factors. Geopolitical instability or fears of a deep recession can quickly make Gold price escalate due to its safe-haven status. As a yield-less asset, Gold tends to rise with lower interest rates, while higher cost of money usually weighs down on the yellow metal. Still, most moves depend on how the US Dollar (USD) behaves as the asset is priced in dollars (XAU/USD). A strong Dollar tends to keep the price of Gold controlled, whereas a weaker Dollar is likely to push Gold prices up.


Gold has played a key role in human’s history as it has been widely used as a store of value and medium of exchange. Currently, apart from its shine and usage for jewelry, the precious metal is widely seen as a safe-haven asset, meaning that it is considered a good investment during turbulent times. Gold is also widely seen as a hedge against inflation and against depreciating currencies as it doesn’t rely on any specific issuer or government.

Gold has an inverse correlation with the US Dollar and US Treasuries, which are both major reserve and safe-haven assets. When the Dollar depreciates, Gold tends to rise, enabling investors and central banks to diversify their assets in turbulent times. Gold is also inversely correlated with risk assets. A rally in the stock market tends to weaken Gold price, while sell-offs in riskier markets tend to favor the precious metal.

Gold price (XAU/USD) holds onto recovery prompted by a steady interest rate decision from the Federal Reserve (Fed). The precious metal aims to generate more gains in hopes that the Fed has concluded its rate-tightening campaign. Federal Reserve chairman Jerome Powell said progress was being made with inflation and whilst another rate hike was not out of the question he sounded less committed to the idea. As a consequence the US Dollar (USD) weakened and XAU/USD got a shot in the arm.

Central banks are the biggest Gold holders. In their aim to support their currencies in turbulent times, central banks tend to diversify their reserves and buy Gold to improve the perceived strength of the economy and the currency. High Gold reserves can be a source of trust for a country’s solvency. Central banks added 1,136 tonnes of Gold worth around $70 billion to their reserves in 2022, according to data from the World Gold Council. This is the highest yearly purchase since records began. Central banks from emerging economies such as China, India and Turkey are quickly increasing their Gold reserves.